Mobile populations in immobile welfare systems: a typology of institutions providing social welfare and protection arrangements within a mobility framework, Ester Mingot and Prof. Valentina Mazzucato
Ester Serra Mingot and Prof. Valentina Mazzucato
Maastricht University, Netherland
Purpose: To identify the full range of providers of social protection for mobile populations, from highly formalised private providers, to semi-formal, to informal social networks, highlighting the basic principles on which the schemes are based, the people to whom they cater, the domains they cover and their main advantages and disadvantages.
Design/methodology/approach: Using a transnational lens, this paper reviews literature from different disciplinary backgrounds in order to offer a typology of institutions providing social protection within a mobility framework.
Findings: Need to identify and examine the emergence and functioning mechanisms of semi-formal institutions in the provision of social protection across borders, as well as to analyse the synergy between informal/semi-formal and formal social protection systems.
Research limitations/implications: This paper is based on desk research only. More in-depth research should be conducted on the possibilities and constraints of emerging social protection systems across borders.
Originality/value: Rather than focusing on either formal or informal forms of social protection, this paper proposes a more holistic approach towards more inclusive forms of global social protection.
Keywords: Social Protection Across Borders, Informal Social Protection, Formal Social Protection, Semiformal Social Protection.